The Bauhaus is a design & architecture school that existed in the beginning of the XX century in Germany.
Although it only lasted for a dozen years, it became a landmark in the fields of design, architecture, dance, performance and cinema. Founded on the ashes of WW1, it aimed at the creation of a “universal language” that would better the dialogue between nations. It foresaw the era of worldwide globalization and structured the fundamentals of design: Gestalt, Geometry, Grid systems, color systems.
If you’re in the design field, you should definitely check it out. Start here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bauhaus